Q: It is reported that the clash between Chinese fishermen and two ROK coast guards on duty in the Yellow Sea waters left one coast guard injured and the other dead. Please confirm and brief us on that. Since the ROK side claimed to have seized several Chinese boats involved in illegal fishing this year, has the Chinese side taken any measures to refrain fishermen from illegal fishing?
A: The Chinese side has noted relevant report and is verifying the situation. China will cooperate closely with the ROK side for an appropriate settlement.
The fishery agreement signed between China and the ROK has made arrangements on fishery production and management. Competent Chinese authorities have taken actions to better educate fishermen and strengthen administration on out-bound fishing boats in a bid to prohibit cross-border fishing and irregularities. We also hope that the ROK side will fully guarantee the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese fishermen and give them due humanitarian treatment. China will work together with the ROK side to advance bilateral fishery cooperation in a healthy way.
Q: The US is increasingly worried about the cyber security threat posed by hacker groups from China to the US Government and companies. What is China's comment?
A: The Chinese Government always opposes and strictly prohibits any illegal criminal activity by hackers. The Chinese law stipulates unequivocally that those who commit cyber crimes should undertake criminal liability in accordance with the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China. China is a major victim of overseas hacker attacks, and suffers from frequent intrusions and attacks by hackers from certain countries.
Information and cyber security serves the common interests of all countries. China is committed to maintaining information and cyber security through mutually beneficial cooperation on an equal footing with the international community.
Recently, there are some worrisome incipient tendencies in the cyber space. It is imperative for the international community to preserve peace in the information and cyber space for the real benefit of social and economic development as well as people's well-being and prevent it from becoming a new battlefield.
Countries including China and Russia jointly tabled the International Code of Conduct for Information Security for the purpose of encouraging the international community to create a peaceful, safe, just and open information and cyber space.
Q: Please brief us on the China-ASEAN Defence and Security Dialogue.
A: The second China-ASEAN Defence and Security Dialogue is being held in Beijing from December 11 to 14. Please keep a close eye on the information released by the Ministry of National Defence.
Q: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and his entourage have paid a visit to Somalia recently. What is China's comment on that?
A: China always supports the active role played by the international community, including the UN, in promoting the peace process and alleviating the humanitarian crisis in Somalia. We also appreciate and support the efforts made by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and others to this end. Following closely the developments in Somalia, we hope to see an early end to war and realization of peace and development there. China will work with all sides to play an active and constructive role in striving for the settlement of the Somali issue at an early date.
Q: Please brief us on the China-India Defence and Security Consultation.
A: I have noted the detailed information released by the Ministry of National Defence.
The fourth China-India Defence and Security Consultation was held in New Delhi, India on December 9. General Ma Xiaotian, Deputy Chief of Staff of the People's Liberation Army co-hosted the Consultation with Indian Defence Secretary Sharma.
Both sides applauded the outcomes of the Consultation and hoped to step up communication and coordination based on existing progress so as to maintain and broaden bilateral consensus and common interests and inject new vitality to bilateral relations through intensified and practical cooperation between the two militaries.
Q: China expresses its opposition to outside interference and preference for an inclusive political process on the Syrian issue. However, given the prolonged violence and clashes there, what is China's latest position on this issue?
A: China's position on the Syrian issue is unequivocal. We have noted the recent contacts between the Arab League and Syria and hope they will reach an agreement as soon as possible to push for early relaxation of the Syrian situation. We oppose violence and bloodshed and hope the Syrian people will lead a normal and stable life soon. The international community should play a constructive role so that the situation in Syria will restore stability at an early date.
Q: The recently held EU summit made positive headway on signing a new EU treaty. All its 27 members except the UK are ready to join and sign an inter-governmental fiscal agreement before March 2012. What is China's comment? How do you look at the prospect of the European debt crisis?
A: We welcome the new measures adopted by the EU summit to address the European sovereign debt issue and enhance Europe's internal governance and hope the measures will help stabilize markets, uplift confidence and contain the deterioration and contagion of the crisis in a bid to promote jobs and economic growth and advance European integration.
The EU is the largest economy in the world. The stable and healthy economic growth of the EU and the eurozone is crucial to the momentum of world economic recovery. We are confident in Europe and the euro and believe the EU has the capacity and wisdom to solve the sovereign debt issue. As the EU's comprehensive strategic partner and major trading partner, China will continue to support the European integration and work with the international community to further support the EU's efforts through various means to address the debt crisis, with a view to jointly promoting stability of the international financial markets and pushing for world economic recovery and growth.
Q: China is reportedly considering setting up a new sovereign fund with part of its foreign exchange reserves for overseas investment. How do you comment?
A: As your question relates to a specific field that the Foreign Ministry is not in charge of. Please refer to competent authorities for an authoritative answer.
Q: The Durban Conference on Climate Change recently concluded in South Africa adopted a package of agreements. How does China comment on the outcomes of the Conference?
A: The Durban Conference was concluded in the early hours of December 11 after strenuous negotiations. The Conference made arrangements on the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, achieved progress on funding and technology transfer and clarified relevant process to further strengthen the implementation of the UNFCCC. The Conference sticked to the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and the mandate of the Bali Roadmap and maintained the dual-track negotiation mechanism. The Chinese delegation actively contributed to the progress made at the Conference.
Meanwhile, China believes that as the Durban Conference failed to complete the Bali Roadmap negotiations, the Cancun Accord and the outcomes of the Durban Conference are yet to be implemented and more to be done to strengthen the implementation of the UNFCCC. China expects developed countries to pledge deeper emission cuts and deliver on their commitments of funding and technology transfer with political sincerity and work with developing countries to complete negotiations on the second commitment period of the Protocol at the Qatar Conference next year in a bid to solve the pending issues of the Bali Roadmap and fulfil its mandate as soon as possible. We hope relevant countries follow China in addressing climate change with concrete action rather than paying only lip service.
Q: Please brief us on the visit to China by US Special Representative Davies for DPRK Policy.
A: US Special Representative Davies for DPRK Policy will visit China soon. Leading officials of the Foreign Ministry will exchange views with him on the Six-Party Talks and other topics. We will release information in due course.